Everything you wanted to know about Financial sanctions to employers

dollar stacks

The second addition of the Increasement of regulation law empowers the Ministry of Economics, Department of regulation of labor laws to impose financial sanctions on employers who are found in violation of labor laws, such as minimum wage, sexual harassment, failure to supply an employee with notification of terms of employment, etc.
The infringements are divided into three categories of financial sanctions with a distinction made between an employer who is not a business and a business:

Level Business Non-Business
level one ₪5,110 ₪2,550
level two ₪20,420 ₪10,210
level three ₪35,740 ₪17,870

A complete list of the infractions and which level they are assigned to is on the Ministry’s website: http://www.economy.gov.il/Employment/WorkRights/WorkRightsEnforcement/Pages/FinancialSanctionSums

The Ministry of economics can file a suit against the employer in court, which if convicted, is a criminal offense! The names and details of the employers who were fined are listed on the Ministry of Economics website.
To help avoid these situations it is recommended to consult with a payroll expert like Israpay who can help employers fine-tune their payroll practices, payslips, etc according to the law. Get in touch today !

Before you apply for a job – must read !!!!

You decide to apply for a job, or better yet, you applied and were invited to an job interview. Wait a second, not so fast !!!
The Ministry of Labor and social affairs within the Ministry of Economics has a list of employers that you are not going to want to miss reading prior to applying for a job with one of them.
This list is a list of offenders of labor laws that were fined by the department of regulation, who do spot checks on employers as well as acting on tips and complaints from the general public.
The full list can be seen here:
http://www.economy.gov.il/Employment/WorkRights/WorkRightsEnforcement/FinancialSanctions/Pages/default.aspx

July 2016 updates

Effective in July 2016’s payroll there will come into effect several changes in labor laws:
1.  Mandatory pension law

Correction 12 to this law was updated, adding 1% to employee and employer pension plan contributions in a two step update: 1/2% in July 2016 and another 1/2% in jan 2017.
The current update (July 2016) % are now Employee 5.75% and Employer 6%.
This effects all employers in Israel in all sectors by way of a comprehensive ordinance signed by the Minister of Economy. The only exceptions are if the exsisting % are higher (due to a collective agreement or personal contract) or if an employee has a Bituach Menahalim plan or pension plan with lower rates but the employer contributes to a loss of work ability insurance (IWA), whereas the joint % of the Bituach Menahalim and lWA insurance is equal to or higher than 6%. In this case, only the employee’s contribution will increase, as the employer is already contributing at the new % or more.
For comparison, here is a breakdown of pre-change and after:

 

payroll Employee contribution Employer contribution Severance pay (employer) Total
Jan 2016 5.5%    6% 6% 17.5%
Jul 2016  5.75%  6.25% 6% 18%
Jan 2017  6%  6.5%   6% 18.5%

 

2. Vacation day law
The minimum number of mandatory Annual vacation days allotted is to increase by 2 days starting July 1,2016 (In essence 1 day for 2016 as it for half a year) for the first 5 years of tenure with the same employer. Above 6 years there is no change.

tenure                                      # of days allotted

up to June 30, 2016                                                         1 – 4 years                                              14 days
5  years                                               16 days

From July 1, 2016 – Dec 31,2016                                1 -4 years                                                15 days
5 years                                                 16 days

From Jan 1, 2017                                                                1- 5 years                                               16 days

Note: The number of days listed are calendar days, not work days and as such they include the weekly rest day (Shabbat) which is not a vacation day. For example employees who worked a 5 day work week got 10 days for the first 4 years (.083 days per month * 12) and those who worked a 6 day work week got 12 days for the first 4 years (1 day per month * 12).

This is very general, there are other factors that go into what employees receive in actuality, such as full or part-time, if an employee worked at least 200 or 240 days total during the year. In any case the wording of the law is binding, even if difficult to comprehend and this article is not legal advice. In instances where a personal contract or sectorial/ collective agreement entitles employees to more vacation days than listed above, this update does not apply.

3. Minimum wage update

Effective July 1st 2016 the third step of the gradual update of the min. wage to 5,000 sh per month comes into effect. The new minimum wage starting in July 2016 will be 4,825 sh  for a full time monthly rated position.

The new minimum hourly rate is 25.94 sh

Youth min wage rates

Age % of min wage min monthly rate (40 weekly hours) Min Hourly rate
עד 16 70% 3,377.5  19.52 
עד 17 75% 3,618.75  20.92 
עד 18 83% 4004.75  23.15 
Apprentice 60% 2,895.00  16.73 

 

Updated Min. wage for youth – Apr 2015

On April 1, 2015 the minimum wage in Israel was updated. This has implications on min. wage for youth, as well.

The new rates are as follows:

Age                               Monthly Rate            Hourly Rate    

up to 16                        3,255 sh                                18.81 sh

up to 17                        3,487.50 sh                           20.15 sh

up to 18                        3,859.50 sh                          22.30 sh

18 +                               4,650 sh                               25 sh

 

There are other restrictions that apply to youth employment, such as max. number of hours pre day and per week, disallowing overtime and night work.

 

Announcing “Employee’s Rights Handbook” book launch and lectures

Book launch and lecture will be held:

In Jerusalem: on May 19th, 2015  19:00  at AACI Jerusalem, The Glassman family center Pierre Keonig st. corner of 2 Poalei Tzedek st., 4th floor (opposite Hadar mall)

In Tel-Aviv: on June 17th, 2015 16:00 at AACI Tel-Aviv, 94 A Allenby st.

 

The “Employee’s Rights Handbook”

The first comprehensive, English language guide to Israeli payroll.
Whether  you are an employer or an employee, a new oleh or an English speaker who has trouble with the Hebrew terms, this publication is for you!

 

Employees:

Understand the terminology, layout and Hebrew on your payslip

Know your rights

Understand the labor laws

What needs to be itemized on the payslip?

What are the things you need to know upon termination?

How many vacation days are you entitled to?

Is Purim a paid holiday?

What are the rights of a pregnant employee?

 

Employers:

Do your payslips comply with all the new regulations?

Do you issue employees “notification of terms of employment” as required?

Are employees given a fair hearing prior to termination?

Understand what obligatory payments exist in Israel

What is allowed to be deducted from an employee’s salary

Are you aware of penalties for infringement on regulations and labor laws? (avoid this by knowing what needs to be done)

 

In this guide you will find:
* An overview of labor laws, regulations, expanded regulation orders, collective
agreements and statutes

* The make-up of the Israeli payslip

* Social Security

* Health Insurance
* Income tax

* Holiday pay, sick day payment, vacation, overtime payment, bereavement leave,
maternity leave

* Minimum wage

* Youth employment
* Advance notice                       And much more!

 

A must for employers and employees alike. Get your copy today! This 107 page publication in hard-copy is not available in stores, on-line orders:

 

http://www.israpay.com/announcing-the-release-date-for-employees-rights-handbook/

Everything you wanted to know about Garnished wages

What are garnished wages ?

Garnished wages are amounts that require  one party who owes another party money, to transfer all or part of the owed sum to a third party. The third party can be the Tax Authority, Bituach Leumi, or any entity to whom a court decision has rendered a decision to their credit. In most cases the collection and distribution of collected funds are via the Authority of Enforcement and collection’s execution chamber (Hotza’a lepoal).

How are employer’s notified of garnished wages orders?

Written notification is issued by the Autority of Enforcement and Collection and sent to the employer of the entity who owes money. This notification is binding and includes the creditor’s name and address, the total sum owed and what the reason for the debt is. It is common for such notifications to be sent to companies, garnishing sums owed to suppliers, or to employers, garnishing sums owed to salaried employees (payroll) – which is the focus of this post.

What do I need to do if I received a garnished wages order ?

The recipient of a garnished wages order  must send a written reply within 7 days of receipt, as to whether they can comply, or not (such as if the employee no longer works for them, is unknown, or no money is owed to them.
Employers who do not send a reply to notifications and/or do not comply with the instructions on the garnished wages order notification open themselves up to legal action by the creditor which can result in them absorbing the debt themselves!

Are all garnished wages orders the same ?

No! There are two basic types of garnished wages: 1) alimony and 2) everything else.

1)      Garnished wages for alimony payments.

2)      Everything else

In addition, there are garnished wages orders for set amounts per month, there are those that only state the total sum owed and there are those that specify a set % of the wages owed. It is extremely important to note the reason for debt, because if it is alimony, the table below does not apply and all the net pay needs to be garnished until the sum of debt is paid.

 

Am I required, as a recipient of a garnished wages order, to zero out all of the employee’s net wages?

The protection of salary law specifies amounts (see table below) that are exempt from garnished wages orders, based on marital status and the number of children up to age 19 in the debtor’s care. If the exempt amount is more than 80% of the monthly salary, the garnished pay will be reduced to 80% of the monthly salary.
If an employee is employed at a daily rate, the garnished wages shall not exceed 25% of the daily rate.

In general, the amounts relate to net pay after deduction of mandatory deductions (tax, social security, health tax). Any other deductions are considered wages for all purposes and intents.

This does not apply to alimony payments.

Table of amounts exempt from garnished wages orders (except alimony):

From

Single

Single + 1 child

Single + 2 children
or more

Female widow + 1 child

Female widow + 2 children or more

Couple

Couple + 1 child

Couple + 2 children or more

01.2013

2,122

3,008

3,517

3,432

4,281

3,183

3,692

4,201

01.2012

2,093

2,966

3,467

3,384

4,221

3,139

3,641

4,143

01.2011

2,040

2,892

3,381

3,298

4,114

3,059

3,549

4,038

01.2010

1,995

2,863

3,347

3,266

4,074

3,028

3,512

3,997

01.2009

1,921

2,723

3,183

3,106

3,875

2,881

3,342

3,803

01.2008

1,838

2,605

3,047

2,973

3,708

2,757

3,198

3,639

01.2007

1,788

2,534

2,963

2,892

3,607

2,682

3,111

3,540

The Authority of Enforcement and collection’s service and information hot line is: *35592  and operates:  Sun –Thurs  08:00 – 16:00

Partial Vacation Days

What happens if an employee takes a half day of paid vacation ?

In terms of payment, they would receive a full day’s pay. However, the issue isn’t as simple when debiting an employee’s vacation day balance. Apparently, as reflected by a recent labor court verdict, which determined that any day that an employee shows up at work is to be considered a work day. The same day cannot be counted twice !

The same would apply towards half days taken as sick days. In actuality, they are work days and travel expenses will need to be paid for them. The missing hours should be deducted as such and the payment should be itemized separately.

The employer and employee can agree on payment for half days and there are certain sectors that have explicit sections about this issue.

 

Are you a salaried employee or self-employed ?

Are you a salaried employee or self-employed ?

There is a huge difference ! Not only in the benefits you are entitled to, but in regard to your responsibilities. No, I am not talking about your social benefits or your salary. I am talking about Social Security (or Bituach Leumi as it is known in Israel). Before you say that of course you know what your status is, I suggest you read this post thru to the end. It may have some eye-opening surprises for you that can have serious impact on you, financially.

Many people own companies or are suppliers of services as self-employed. There are people who work legitimately as salaried employees, and some do a little of both.
Others have start-ups they run from home: anything from selling things, to doing work over the computer, whether it be building internet sites or translating work, or whatever.  It is this last group that this post is trageting.

First, it is important to understand that while both self-employed and salaried employees pay Social Security, the rates are different and so is the coverage for various stipends as well as the base amounts for the stipends.

If you are considered by Bituach Leumi to be self-employed, but you are reported on a company’s payroll (not a placement or manpower agency), that fact does not make you a salaried employee. What counts is your actual status. Bituach Leumi, by law, can change a person’s status one-sidedly and even retroactively ! As a result of such a change they can demand back payment at the rates that existed for self-employed persons ! If you received in the past, during the said chnaged period, a stipend from Bituach Leumi, your eligibility for that stipend may be re-evaluated and even disallowed.

Recently, a verdict was released by the labor court in a case of “stage and comunication ltd” and others vs. Bituach Leumi (case # 5062/06). Bituach Leumi one-sidedly changed the status of certain “employees” in the company. The company and the employees filed suit in labor court contesting the change.
The court, asked the simple basic question “did employee-employer relations exist between certain employees who were on the company’s payroll as salaried employees and reported as such ?”. The verdict explicitly stated that there were no such relations and these “employees” should have been reported as self-employed for all purposes.

The Judge stated in his verdict the following: “The model of employment, which all of the plaintiff companies involved in the suit, used was in actuality a front. These companies only designation was to relieve self-employed people from the burden of managing their affairs with the tax authorities and the defendant (Bituach Leumi). There is no relationship or connection between the plaintiff companies and the services the employees, who were reported as salaried workers, provided to the recipients of the services. The only reason the employees were on payroll as salaried employees was to avoid having to manage their affairs with the authorities.”

This is a precident setting, important verdict, the first of it’s kind, in a very lengthy case.

This is how you can check yourself to see if you qualify as a salaried employee or as a self-employed person

Answer the following questions truthfully. If your answer to any of these questions is negative, this very well could mean that you are self-employed:

1. Is there someone who arranges your schedule at work ?

2. Is there someone at work who assigns or re-assigns you to a project/position ?

3. Is there someone at work who has the power and authority to fire you and terminate your job ?

4, Is there someone at work that you need to request vacation leave from ? Or to notify regarding tardiness, sick days, reserve army duty, etc  ?

5. Is there anyone at work who supervises your work and you report to as a superior ?

6. Is there any type of time-sheet reporting and follow-up for your work hours and days ?

and if your answer to any of these questions is positive this very well could mean that you are self-employed:

7. Do you decide which clients/ jobs to accept and which to deny ?

8. Do you negotiate with clients the price they will pay or determine the cost for jobs ?

9. Are your wages implemented by sharp up and down changes due to the cash inflow that you recieve from third parties ? And as a result is it difficult to point out your monthly base pay ?

10. Is payment of your wages delayed until the amount is received in full from a third party ? (not paid on a set date)

 

If the answer to these questions is negative, chances are you are not eligible to be a salaried employee. You need to register as a self-employed individual at your local Bituach Leumi office in order to ensure your rights. Don’t wait for them to rescind your salaried employee’s rights retroactively. More information can be found on Bituach Leumi’s website:  www.btl.gov.il

This is not something to be taken lightly !

 

Severance Pay – a minor detail you should be aware of

Everyone knows that when an employee is terminated and he has worked for at least one year for the employer, he is eligible for severance pay. Most employees also know that severance pay is one month’s pay (according to the last full salary) multiplied by his tenure. Or in layman’s terms, one month’s pay for each full year worked and prorated for any portions of a year.

The “minor” detail that everyone should be aware of is the question of what actually is the “last full salary” ?

Well, it really depends on how you are employed. The simple case is that of an employee who receives a monthly based salary, then the above would apply.

However, there are other types of salaries: Hourly based, Daily based, job based.

Many unique scenarios can also have an effect on what the “last month’s pay” actually is and thus effecting how severance pay is calculated.

For instance, an employee who worked full-time and changed to part time at some point (or vis-versa), an employee whose pay was reduced, an employee that had a temporary change in his last salary, an employee whose type of employment changed in essence, an employee whose position changed in essence or an employee who receives a base pay and changing commissions.

The Labor laws all specifically address these scenarios by dividing up the salary into several parts, before and after the change and a separate calculation is done for each part accordingly.

Those who receive changing salaries due to hourly or daily rates that change each month due to the number of hours/days worked or due to commissions – an average of the last 12 salaries is used as a basis for severance pay calculation.

 

Minimum wage update – April 2013

Effective from April 2013’s payroll the minimum wages will be updated as follows:

Monthly rated employees

Apprentices 2,580.-
up to age 16 3,010.-
from age 16 to age 17 3,225.-
from age 17 to age 18 3,569.-
age 18 and up 4,300.-

Daily rated employees

  5 day work-week  6 day work-week
Apprentices

119.08

103.20

up to age 16

138.92

120.40

from age 16 to age  17

148.85

129.-

from age 17 to age 18

164.72

142.76

age 18 and up

198.46

172.-

Hourly rated employees

Apprentices 14.91
up to age 16 17.40
from age 16 to age 17 18.64
from age 17 to age 18 20.63
age 18 and up 23.12

These rates are mandatory for all employees in Israel, regardless of sector (public and private), industry, vocation or tenure.
Employers who pay less than the above minimum wages risks penalty (stiff fines and even imprisonment) and prosecution in Labor court, by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor, as a criminal felony  for violation of Labor laws.

 

Working hours on Israel’s Memorial Day & Independence Day

Memorial Day of Israel’s Fallen soldiers is Monday April 15th, 2013

According to the fallen soldiers law (1963), any employee who is one of the following:
*  parent
*  grandparent
*  spouse
* child
* sibling

of a fallen soldier, is eligible to be absent from work on this day without liability of deduction from pay.

 

Independence Day (Yom Ha’atzmaut)

Israel’s 65 birthday is Tuesday April 16th, 2013

According to the Independence Day law (1959), This is a paid national holiday. This applies to all employers in Israel.

The day prior to Independence Day (Memorial Day or Erev Yom Ha’atzmaut) is a shortened work day, by law.
Employees who work an 8 hour workday, need work only 7 hours.
Employees who work a 9 hour workday, need work only 8 hours.
Places of employment that have a collective or personal agreement, or custom which is more favorable to the employee than the law, these would take precedence.
There is no deduction for missing hours for this day.

To be paid for Independence Day, you need to have at least 3 month’s tenure with your employer and you need to work the day before and the day after Independence day.

Employers that are not included in the list of places that need to operate on a holiday which is published by the Prime Minister’s Office are not allowed to force their employees to work on Independence Day as publicized by the Israeli Labor Court.

Employees who work for an employer who is included in the list, are entitled to 200% for all hours worked from 24:00 (midnight) on Memorial Day until 24:00 on Independence Day.
Payment for Independence Day needs to be itemized separately on the payslip.

 

 

Employee’s Rights Lecture – Tel-Aviv – May 5th 2013

Are you receiving all you should from your employer, by law ?

Is your payslip hard to understand/ decifer ?

What should you do if you’re not ?

And what are your rights ? What can you do about it (aside from quitting your job) ?

Come find out the answers to these questions and more…….

What: Employee’s Rights Lecture

 Date: Sunday, May 5th, 2013 at 18:30 

 Where: AACI Tel-Aviv  –  94/a Allenby Street 

       

Pre-registration required. There is a small fee to attend. Please contact to register:

 contact: Helen Har-Tal –    Tel: 03-6960389       Email: aacicentralregion@gmail.com